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Inscribed stone found at West Down, Devon

Antiquarian's Attic

Ancient Celtic stone unveiled in Barnstaple Museum

A ‘CELTIC’ stone which is thought to be more than 1,200 years old has been unveiled in Barnstaple Museum.
The stone, which bears the inscription of the name ‘Guerngen’ [GUERNGENI – of Gwerngen] is one of only two* that have been discovered in the whole of North Devon.

Last year 15-year-old Jack Lawrence made the discovery in the wall of Shutes Cottage in West Down, where he lives with his parents.
He reported it to the North Devon Archaeological Society [pp. 3-4], and the stone was taken to the Museum of Barnstaple and North Devon to be cleaned, drawn and studied.
Terry Green, who has researched the ancient find, said it was believed to be a memorial stone made from locally sourced sandstone.
“It is possible it could be a pillow stone which is placed at the head of a grave,” he said.

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Mare Stanes (Hag Stones) – Keeping the Nightmare at Bay 🌌

Scottish history, archaeology, folklore & more~

Small stones with one or more naturally occurring holes in them, usually found near water, are commonly known as “hag stones” in much of the English speaking world. In this article I’m going to explore what I’ve found in terms of names for them in Scotland and their use as a defense against nightmares in particular. From what I’ve seen floating about on social media etc, there seems to be a wee bit of confusion about this so hopefully this article will be helpful for anyone interested in the topic – it was certainly interesting for me to try to pin down sources etc for certain claims I’d seen made!

The lovely examples shown in the Featured Photo above were taken by and used with kind permission from the fabulous artist Jane Brideson. As always I’ll be listing and linking my own sources at the end along with links to…

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Why Weather Dependent, Intermittent & Unreliable Wind Power is as ‘Useful as a Chocolate Teapot’


chocolate teapot Wind Power: about as useful as a chocolate teapot …


There are 3 electricity essentials – that the power source and its delivery to homes and businesses be: 1) reliable; 2) secure; and 3) affordable. Which means that wind power – a wholly weather dependent power source, that can’t be stored and costs 3-4 times the cost of conventional power – scores NIL on all three counts.

Over time, STT has sought to pull together fairly technical aspects of power generation in an effort to demonstrate the patent nonsense of wind power.

We’ve attempted to cover the engineering and economics of trying to add a chaotic power source to a grid designed around narrow physical tolerances; and which requires constant second-by-second management to deliver that which – until wind power entered the equation – we all largely took for granted. And we’ve tried to do so in a style…

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The Aldermanic Elections In The City of London’s Bishopsgate & Cripplegate Wards On 15 September 2022


The nominations are in for the 15 September 2022 aldermanic elections in Bishopsgate and Cripplegate. In Bishopsgate, Kawsar Zaman and Henry Knapman look like contenders – with Eswaraj Ranil Perera as an outsider candidate. Perera is a risk and compliance consultant from Croydon and doesn’t appear to have an election website, the most extensive run of information about him that comes up from a quick web search is at Companies House.

Henry Knapman states on his election website: “I believe my 20+ years working in financial markets and my time both as a financial markets regulator at the FSA during the 2009/10 financial crisis and in Government at HM Treasury during Brexit and the Covid-19 pandemic provides me with a unique set of experiences to join the Court of Alderman and help shape the City of London for the future.” Knapman looks and sounds like a typical Guildhall…

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Update on Mynydd Y Betws stone row

Update on Mynydd Y Betws stone row

The Heritage Journal

From Sandy Gerrard:

Thursday 2nd February 2012 (Morning)
Access to the site is now very difficult. Miles of barbed wire fencing have been erected and there are huge machines driving menacingly all over the place. The last report from the site indicates that the two lengths of the row affected by the permitted development have either been destroyed or covered over. We are eagerly awaiting feedback on what was found. It would however also appear that a length of the row outside of the “permitted development” area has either been damaged or destroyed. As well as the obvious access problems the mountain is now covered in snow and I am awaiting a thaw before I venture out again.

Thursday 2nd February 2012 (Evening)
Just back from the mountain. Curiosity got the better of me, but as expected it was very cold and snowy. We spotted at least six…

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Reclaiming Prehistory

Mynydd y Betws two years on – what’s all the fuss about? Archaeology of course.

Mynydd y Betws two years on – what’s all the fuss about? Archaeology of course.

The Heritage Journal

It is now two years since the stone alignment on Bancbryn at Mynydd y Betws was identified. Those wishing to visit the area will find that a once peaceful hill now often resonates with the sound of huge industrial turbines. The whole setting is very different and the area is littered with signposts and bollards denoting the new roads which have recently been carved through a rich archaeological landscape containing three scheduled ancient monuments.

Bancbryn – new road and bollards. Turbine tips on skyline. Bancbryn – new road and bollards. Turbine tips on skyline.

As regular readers of the Heritage Journal will be aware, for the past two years I have struggled to make sense of the original decision which permitted this seemingly important area to be desecrated. After all it was not even within an area highlight by the Welsh Government as particularly suitable for this type of development and both the archaeological agencies Cadw and Dyfed Archaeological Trust…

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Video of turbine blade crossing the Mynydd y Betws stone alignment